Manuel Cardoso (1566 -1650): Lamentations for Maundy Thursday ‘Feria quinta in Coena Domini’

Agony in the Garden  Giovanni Bellini (c 1430-1516) c.1459 Tempera

Frei Manuel Cardoso was born in Fronteira near Évora in southern Portugal, in 1566 and died in 1650. He joined the Carmelites as a boy, aged 9 his teachers considered that he was ready to be sent to ‘study Grammar and the art of Music’  at the Colégio dos Moços do Coro under Manuel Mendes and Cosme Delgado. He, Duarte Lobo, and John IV of Portugal ,represent the "golden age" of Portuguese polyphony. His music bears considerable baroque influence it’s long melodic lines contrast with contrapuntal writing in the manner of Palestrina and has a serenity few can match. All of which goes to make the polyphony and the chromatic twists in Cardoso’s music written for Maundy Thursday (often called Holy Thursday) which you’ll find below the fold, both fresh and interesting.

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Responsory 1: In monte Oliveti oravit ad Patrem


[audio:http://saturdaychorale.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cardoso-Lamentations-for-Maundy-Thursday-Feria-quinta-in-Coena-Domini-1-Responsory-1-In-monte-Oliveti-oravit-ad-Patrem.mp3|titles=Cardoso – Lamentations for Maundy Thursday ‘Feria quinta in Coena Domini’ – 1 Responsory 1- In monte Oliveti oravit ad Patrem]

LatinEnglish

In monte Oliveti oravit ad Patrem:

Pater si fieri potest transeat a me calix iste;

verum tamen fiat voluntas tua.

Vigilate et orate ut non intretis in tentationem;

spiritus quidem promptus est, caro autem infirma.

On the Mount of Olives he prayed to the Father:

‘Father, if it be possible let this chalice pass from me;

however, let your will be done.’

Watch and pray that you enter not into temptation:

the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.

Lectio 2: Vau. Et egressus est a filia Sion omnis decor eius

[audio:http://saturdaychorale.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cardoso-Lamentations-for-Maundy-Thursday-Feria-quinta-in-Coena-Domini-2-Lectio-2-Vau.-Et-egressus-est-a-filia-Sion-omnis-decor-eius.mp3|titles=Cardoso – Lamentations for Maundy Thursday ‘Feria quinta in Coena Domini’ – 2 Lectio 2- Vau. Et egressus est a filia Sion omnis decor eius]
LatinEnglish

Vau: Et egressus est a filia Sion omnis decor eius;

facti sunt principes eius velut arietes non invenientes pascua;

et abierunt absque fortitudine ante faciem subsequentis.

Zain: Recordata est Ierusalem dierum afflictionis suae,

et praevaricationis, omnium desiderabilium suorum,

quae habuerat a diebus antiquis, cum caderet populus eius

in manu hostili, et non esset auxiliator;

viderunt eam hostes et deriserunt sabbata eius.

Ierusalem, Ierusalem, convertere ad Dominum Deum tuum.

Vau: And from the daughter of Sion all beauty is departed;

and her princes have become like harts searching for their pastures:

and they flee without strength before the face of the pursuer.

Zain: Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction

and all her misery the desirable things

which she had in earler days, when her people fell

into the hands of the enemy, and she found no help:

the enemies have seen her and mocked her sabbaths.

Jerusalem, Jerusalem, return to the Lord thy God.

Responsory 2: Tristis est anima mea

[audio:http://saturdaychorale.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cardoso-Lamentations-for-Maundy-Thursday-Feria-quinta-in-Coena-Domini-3-Responsory-2-Tristis-est-anima-mea.mp3|titles=Cardoso- Lamentations for Maundy Thursday ‘Feria quinta in Coena Domini’ – 3 Responsory 2- Tristis est anima mea]
Latin English

Tristis est anima mea usque ad mortem;

sustinete hic et vigilate mecum;

nunc videbitis turbam quae circumdabit me.

Vos fugam capietis et ego vadam immolari pro vobis.

Vigilate et orate ut non intretis in tentationem.

My soul is sorrowful even unto death;

stay here and watch with me;

now you will see the crowd which will surround me.

You will take flight and I shall go to be sacrificed for you.

Watch and pray that you enter not into temptation.

Lectio 3: Jod. Manum suam misit hostis ad omnia desiderabilia eius

[audio:http://saturdaychorale.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cardoso-Lamentations-for-Maundy-Thursday-Feria-quinta-in-Coena-Domini-4-Lectio-3-Jod.-Manum-suam-misit-hostis-ad-omnia-desiderabilia-eius.mp3|titles=Cardoso- Lamentations for Maundy Thursday ‘Feria quinta in Coena Domini’ – 4 Lectio 3- Jod. Manum suam misit hostis ad omnia desiderabilia eius]
LatinEnglish

Iod: Manum suam misit hostis ad omnia desiderabilia eius;

quia vidit gentes ingressas sanctuarium suum,

de quibus praeceperas ne intrarent in ecclesiam tuam.

Caph: Omnis populus eius gemens et quaerens panem;

dederunt pretiosa quaeque pro cibo ad refocillandam animam.

Vide Domine et considera quoniam facta sum vilis.

Lamed: O vos omnes qui transitis per viam:

attendite et videte si est dolor sicut dolor meus;

quoniam vindemiavit me ut locutus est Dominus in die furoris sui.

Ierusalem, Ierusalem, convertere ad Dominum Deum tuum.

Iod: The oppressor has laid his hands on all her treasures;

she has seen the pagans enter her sanctuary,

men whom you had forbidden to attend your assembly.

Caph: All her people are groaning and seeking for bread.

They barter their valuables for food to keep life in them.

‘Look, Lord, and consider how vile I am become.’

Lamed: All you who pass this way,

watch and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow,

with which the Lord has struck me on the day of his burning anger.

Jerusalem, Jerusalem, return to the Lord thy God.

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