The death of Orlando Gibbons (1583–1625) in 1625 of what was probably a brain haemorrhage robbed England of one of its musical giants. He had a strong influence on the development of the English anthem while his secular music is also well worth listening to. A musician from a musical family Gibbons received his earliest training as a choirboy in 1596 in the choir of King's College, Cambridge at a time when his brother Edward was master of choristers there. Just seven years later he began his career at the Chapel Royal.
Types of Anthems
Gibbons' church music can be divided into two types there are the settings of the texts for the ordinary offices such as the canticles for morning and evening prayer and there are his anthems which can be further subdivided in 'full' and 'verse' type anthems. The 'full' anthems as you might expect from the name are settings for the full choir and in many of them you can hear echoes of Tallis. This is because Gibbons considered Tallis' music to be the epitome of English polyphony and sought to build upon his illustrious predecessor's achievements. I've picked Gibbons' 'Hosanna to the son of David' which you can hear below as a good example of one of his 'full' anthems. .
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