On the 28th of December The Feast of The Holy Innocents is celebrated. It's the day when The Church remembers the children murdered by order of King Herod who had been made aware of a prophecy that a new born boy born in Bethlehem would become King of the Jews. Fearing overthrow Herod tried to thwart the prophecy by ordering his soldiers to massacre every male infant under the age of two living in Bethlehem. Mass murder of children as an act of political expediency. Christmas has become a time when we the lucky people of the rich countries eat, drink, and consume to excess forgetting (if we ever knew) that Christ started his life as the refugee son of impoverished parents and narrowly escaped with his life, and forgetting (if we ever knew) the children slaughtered so that a politician could hang on to power. There is nothing new about atrocities targeting children. Our ancestors who lived in far more violent and savage times than we do did not forget the children of Bethlehem as the many depictions of The Massacre of The Innocents in painting, religious dramas, and music can testify. Musically the best known of these is the Coventry Carol which gets its name from the fact that it was part of the religious dramas enacted in Coventry from Medieval times until they were finally suppressed by Elizabeth I as part of her enforcing religious conformity. The text's author and date are both unknown but it was already very old when it was written down by Robert Croo in 1534. The oldest known printing of the melody was in 1591. it's traditionally sung a capella as here, whem it was perfomed as part of the the pageant, the carol would have been sung by three actors representing three women of Bethlehem, who entered on stage with their children and sang immediately after Joseph had been warned by an angel to flee with his family to Egypt. The carol's melody dates from Croo's time but like the text's author its composer is unknown.